Hello, I’m Justine, and this is Joselin. And we’ll going to talking(correct:talk) about Cohabitation today. So, at first, we want to ask you some questions, it is ”what do you think about cohabitation.” (Q&A) “Roger?” “I mean you can cohabitate with someone if you are mature enough.You still be childish kind of. I guess it depends on the voluntation. ” “Thank you. And how about Chou Shan? ” “I don’t have any idea.” “You don’t have any idea. Okay. Alisa?” "Mmm?" "I think you'll get a zero because you have bad attention." “Mmm, I agree with Roger. If you're mature enough,you know, living with someone,and you move in, that anything could happen. ” “And…?” ”I don’t have opinion. ” (Q&A END) Okay, and we’ll have a little drama. (Drama) Joselin:Hey, Justine. I just got a new boyfriend. Justine: Another?! And what do you think about moving out with him? Because I need your shelf. I just bought three more new clothes today. Jo:No. It’s impossible. Ju: Why? I think it’s very positive. And you live with your boyfriend, I live with your shelf. Jo: We are just in a relationship. And I don’t know him deeply, and I don’t want to change my life style, and I don't want to depend on him all day long. Ju: But if you want to know him better, you have to move in. And I can move in your shelf. Okay, and I’ll tell you another reason. (Drama END)"Because of the shelf."(laughing) I’m standing on the positive side, and I’m going to talk about purpose of cohabitation, legal issues, economic issues, and woman independence in cohabitation. (Joselin:And I'll talk about negative side of cohabitation, three aspects, romance itself, relationship with others, and impact on marriage.) And I go first, we found that cohabitation seems to be more popular in Taiwan recently. But actually, Jing-li Yang(2004), the associate professor of department of Sociology in Nanhua University, said that” there are 90% of the Nordic population had experienced premarital cohabitation phase.” Jing-li Yang also evaluated the overview of cohabitation in Taiwan, however, it turned out that there were only 5.9% in over-15-year-old and unmarried people have had cohabitation. So it is very queer, and I’m going to explore it and talk about the difference. At first , I want to talking about the purposes of cohabitation. I think cohabitation is a new way to know each other better. If you move in ,you can see his life habits and what he actually doing in his private time. And another reason is if you move in, you’ll find out that you have to share the cost of life, like air-conditioner fee and electronic fee, and these are the true faces of the life. And this is kind of a trial of marriage that you can test if he or she is the one that you can share the rest of life. Next one is legal issues. The choice of living with someone is a right that our laws allowed. And some people are worried about their rights after having cohabitation. They said that when the problem of finance or estate occurs, people taking cohabitation would be helpless than people in marriages. However, in page 26 of "Cohabitation", which was written by Mireille Dewevre Fourcadeto, a professor of French Le Havre University , " In number 1382 terms of the Civil Law, it indicated clearly that if someone cause others' damages, this kind of fact could force this person to be responsible for compensating others' damage." It explained that if our rights were invaded in cohabitation relationship, we could use laws to protect ourselves as well. And the other people were worried about that cohabitation was not in the restriction of law so people who take cohabitation were kind of being not indecent. This nonsense could be broken in page 69, "In the total compilation of laws, only having sex consistently couldn't be admitted as cohabitation. " And next one is economic issues , here is a graph, it reveals that “greater economic well-being is associated with cohabitation for adults with college degrees, but not for those without college degrees” The cost of marriage is too high to undertake , from Cherlin.(1922) And, second, Changes in social standards made people no longer felt obligated to remain in unhappy marriages, from Gary Becker(1981.)Third, Women's increased participation in the waged labor force, which reduced the economic advantages and necessity of marriage, from Gary Becker.(1981) The last one is women independence in four aspect, legal, economic, social, and education. Feminism suddenly appeared on the horizon in the late nineteenth century. They figured out all these so-called truth were totally irrational. They waked up, starting to receive education and participate in the polity and the labor market. It was a big step that they started to try to fight for their rights that had been deprived for a long time, such as legal rights, social right, and economic status. For example, in the past, children had to take their fathers' last name ,but recently, women found out that this is very wrong, and they fight against it. So now the parents can choose which last name their children take. It's a big step of women independence. Women's economic status become higher made them think why should they rely on men. Women started to enter the labor market and tried to get rid of the restriction from men, so they stared to refuse marriage,choose cohabitation, which means they could not only be a ordinary housewife. My part is over.